All About Water Birth
Updated: Aug 16, 2020
A frequently asked questions is, "Do you do water births?"
The answer is yes, I do! Laboring and/or birthing in the water is a popular option among my home birth clients. I loan out my birth pools at no charge (you are responsible for the water birth kit, which includes a new lead-free hose and disposable liner.) I will give you instructions on setting it up, how to fill it, when to fill it, how to drain it, and anything else you need to know.
Another question we are frequently asked is, "What do you think about waterbirth? Is it safe?"
The short answer is yes, I believe waterbirth is safe, based on my experience, along with the current literature. I have seen that immersing in a tub of warm water benefits laboring mothers by helping them relax, helping them to get into comfortable positions, making it easier to cope with contractions, and decreasing their perception of pain. If my client chooses to stay in the pool to birth the baby, I have not seen any increase of adverse outcomes for the baby in our practice.
If you would like to read more about this birth choice, Evidence-Based Birth published an excellent article onwater birth, written by Rebecca Dekker, PhD, RN, APRN, in which she thoroughly examined the existing research that has been done on water birth (and there is an 80 page annoted bibliography available of all the research studies that have been done.) The conclusion:
"For women, there are several benefits associated with waterbirth. There is strong evidence that waterbirth is associated with a lower episiotomy rate, and that women who use waterbirth will have higher rates of intact perineum and use less medicine for pain relief. The benefits or risks for the newborn are less clear, but so far the evidence shows fewer or equal NICU admission rates for waterbirth babies compared to babies born on land. There have been rare case reports of breathing problems or infections in infants after waterbirth, but these risks have not been seen in the large, recent, prospective studies on waterbirth. The ACOG/AAP opinion statement on waterbirth contained major scientific errors and was an inaccurate and incomplete review of the literature. Their opinion statement should not be relied upon to make informed decisions about the availability of waterbirth for women. Based on the data that we have, waterbirth is a reasonable option for low-risk women during childbirth, provided that they understand the potential benefits and risks. If women have a strong desire for waterbirth, and there are experienced care providers who are comfortable in attending waterbirths, then at this time there is no evidence to deny women this option of pain relief. Although we need more research on waterbirth, the available research shows that universal bans on waterbirth are not evidence-based."
Although getting in the tub during labor is a possibility at some of our local area hospitals, none of them allow water birth. Hospital policies mandate getting out of the tub before pushing begins.
If a water birth is what you desire, and home birth is an option for you, I would love to chat with you about it!
(Updated 8-16-2020 with a lovely new photo courtesy of Wandering Oaks Motherhood and Birth and Arkansas Family Doulas.)